Types Of Mortgage Loans for Home Buyers

Getting a loan can be pretty burdensome; getting to choose among the several mortgages loan isn’t, however depressing if you know the parlance. Once you have studied some assignments and concluded with a budget, and down amount, you have an adequate understanding of the suitable loan for you.

Buying a home is valuable and exciting, but the financing side of this can be devastating. Choosing the right mortgage loan is essential. It makes it easy and burdens-free for homeowners. There are different types of mortgages, and each type comes with additional features. Therefore, understanding the different types of them will guide a home buyer in choosing the most suitable.

This article will reveal some of the mortgage loans suitable for home buyers, and you can do well by studying each of them to suit your need.

Types Of Mortgage Loans for Home Buyers

The following are some of the mortgage loans for home buyers. However, these mortgages come with their benefits and shortcomings. Whether you are a first-time buyer, reducing or refinancing, you should consider the kind of applicant you are before choosing a mortgage.

  1. Conventional Mortgages

A conventional loan is a loan, that is, that Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac can acquire. The conventional loan is funded by special monetary lenders and is known to be the extensively common type of mortgage.  The Conventional kind of loan does not have strict rules in income, home type, or location, which is available in some other loan types.

With a conventional loan type, you can purchase a home with only 3% down and a credit card of at least 620 to qualify for a loan. As a buyer, if you have a down payment of at least 20%, you do not need to buy private mortgage insurance (PMI); however, if you have less than 20%, you will have to pay for PMI.

  1. Fixed-Rate Mortgages

A fixed-rate mortgage has a consistent interest rate throughout the loan. However, the amount you pay monthly may not be constant due to local tax and insurance rates fluctuations. This type of mortgage is suitable for those living in their forever home because it gives a fixed rate for your payment.

With Fixed-Rate mortgages, you might end up paying more in interest if interest rates in your area are high. Once you are opt-in, you are stuck with your interest rate throughout the time limit of your mortgages.

  1. Adjustable-Rate Mortgages

The adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) is the opposite of a fixed-rate mortgage. The ARM covers 30 years of loans with interest and interest rate changing based on how market rates move.  The introductory period is usually 5,7, or 10 years which is your first experience once you sign for ARM. During this duration, you pay a fixed interest brought down the market rates.

After the introductory period has ended, your interest rate becomes alerted, and you start to pay an interest rate depending on the market interest rate. If the market goes up, your interest rates go up, and vice-versa. With access to below-market-rate for the introductory period, you can save up some money if you have the intention of getting your forever home.

  1. Government-Backed Loans

Government agencies secure Government-Backed Loans; numerous commonly used government-backed loans like FHA, VA, and USDA. These loans are safer because the insurance body is responsible for the bill if there is a default. Each government-backed loan comes with different features and criteria.

Types Of Mortgage Loans

  • FHA loans: This type of government-backed loan allows you to purchase a home with at least a 580-credit score and a down payment of 3.5%. This means you can buy a home with a 500 score if you have a down payment of 0%.
  • USDA Loans: The United States Department of Agriculture secures the USDA Loans. You can buy a home with no money down. However, you will need to meet the income requirements to buy a home in suburban and rural areas before you can qualify for a loan.
  • VA Loans: The Department of Veterans Affairs secures VA loans. It can allow you to purchase a home with no down payment and has a lower interest rate than its counterparts. However, you must meet service obligations in the armed forces or national guard to be entitled to a VA loan.


Choosing a mortgage loan type solely depends on your interest and condition. If you are a first-time homebuyer, you have access to different loan types. This is why you need to calculate your estimated purchase, interest rates, condition, and refinancing cost before selecting a mortgage loan. There are several types of mortgages to consider. Our advice is to take time to consider all aspects considering what you need and how you have to organize your future spending life to pay it.